|Method||Karl Fischer Volumetric Autotitrator|
|Standards||ASTM D 1744|
To quantify the amount of water present in a given oil sample.
A known weight of an oil sample is placed in a reaction cell with a portion of solvent using an auto-pipette and an analytical balance.
An iodine-based reagent is then added step-wise to this until all traces of water are neutralised.
The quantity of reagent needed to counteract the water in the oil is then used against the weight of oil added to determine the quantity of water in the sample.
How much water is present within a given sample, whether it’s free, dissolved or emulsified.
This is key, as water is possibly the single most destructive contaminant commonly found in used (or sometimes unused) oil.
There are many paths for water to get into oil, which may include:
Environment (product ingress, clean-downs, humidity, etc.)
Leaking seals and filler caps
Assuming that using sight glasses to drain off free water is sufficient, leaving emulsified and dissolved water behind.
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